Wednesday, January 21, 2015


Cody Aranjo
Period: D

Benefits And The Problems With Abortion

“Should I get an abortion?” This is one example of the words that may flow through the mind of mothers’ lives when they find out they are pregnant with a baby they were not expecting. Abortion is an ongoing question put in the face of fathers and mothers each and every day all around the world. These parents don’t want to be considered bad parents for getting an abortion. However, they may also not want to have the burden of taking care of a child they were not ready for. In the eyes of those who are pro-life, abortion is considered a crime and the thought of killing a child before it is even born sends a chill down their spine. Whereas, those who are pro-choice have determined that abortion, though not all bad should be used as a last resort for parents who are having a child they were not expecting. Pro- choicers believe the mother should be able to decide what happens with their child.
On December 13, 1971 a trial was held that involved Jane Roe, a single mother living in Texas expecting a child wanted an abortion, even considering the anti- abortion laws held in Texas. Doctor Hallford, who went against the state's abortion laws to give Jane the abortion she asked for, and his defendant District Attorney Wade. By the end of the case, on January 22, 1973 the jury ruled in favor or Roe and, “the Supreme Court set limitations and guide lines for the availability of abortion. (Roe v. Wade – Case Brief Summary)”  Following the decision made by the supreme court, a number of rallies and protests were held world- wide, led by those who  were pro-life. They made posters, chanted chants, and started petitions, to spread their message about the tragic effects abortion can have on a family. Also, a number of protests were held by those who were pro- choice who paraded in a local residence outside of London chanting, “my body, my choice. (Zoe Kennedy)” They wanted people to know that they should have the choice to have an abortion if they wanted one. Abortion was also a problem in 1966, when a Romanian communist dictator by the name of Nicolae Ceausescu made abortion illegal in the country of Romania, because the population was largely decreasing and he needed a way to strengthen the large country. Ceausescu found that, “within one year of the abortion ban, the Romanian birth rate had doubled. (Steven D. Levitt and Stephen J. Dubner, Page. 116)” Abortion has been an ongoing argument between pro- life and pro- choice throughout history. It is a topic that is still being argued today, and will still be being argued in hundreds of years from now. 
          Those who are pro-life are, “advocating the legal protection of human embryos and fetuses, especially by favoring the outlawing of abortion on the ground that it is the taking of a human life.” Pro-lifers follow the Buddhist teachings that life begins at conception. Humans have a total of 46 chromosomes, which make up who they are. When a child is created, it is given two sets of 23 chromosomes from each parent. In the article, "Abortion is Immoral" Jeff Jones asserts that pro-lifers claim that life begins at conception. Taking into account that a fertilized egg contains the same number of chromosomes as an adult. Considering this piece of information, pro-lifers believe that getting an abortion is the same as committing murder.  Should the unborn child have to pay for the consequences of the unprepared and irresponsible mother? No, pro-lifers believe that, "every normal fetus, just like you or me, has a set of experiences, projects, activities, and such which are identical with the futures of adult human beings and are identical with the futures of young children. (Jeff Jones. Page 1)” A fetus’ life is just as important as an adult’s life. They have the right to live life, and create their own experiences as they grow. 
On top of the overwhelming guilt the mother has to bear with after getting an abortion. It is no question that women who get abortions face many negative emotions after an abortion. However, it is proven that, "after an abortion, women are more likely to display self-destructive behaviors, including suicide and attempts at suicide; mutilation and various forms of punishment (including repeat abortions and sterilization); drug, alcohol and tobacco abuse; and eating disorders as a way of denying or minimizing the guilt, pain and numbness they feel. (Women's Health after Abortion: The Medical and Psychological Evidence)" Often times the mothers resort to addictive behaviors after getting an abortion, because they believe that alcohol, smoking, or drugs will help them get over the fact that they killed their child. This is one small side-effect of an abortion. Women who get abortions also, "increases their risk of breast cancer by 30%. (Women's Health after Abortion: The Medical and Psychological Evidence)" Sadly, there is nothing the mother can do to cure her cancer once it is found in her body, as there has been no cure found for cancer. These are just some of the negative aspects that come along with getting an abortion. There are also some long term effects of abortion. For example, if a mother decides to have another baby, after the one she aborted they often, "have trouble bonding with the children of future pregnancies and have a higher chance of eventually abusing them, which leads to a cyclical pattern of abuse-abortion- abuse. (Women's Health after Abortion: The Medical and Psychological Evidence)" Not only is the mother at risk when having an abortion, but future children are also at risk after their mother has had an abortion. The mother is not only affected by the emotional side effects of abortion, but she is also barred with the possible health hazards that may come with getting an abortion. 
  In the eyes of those who are pro-choice, "Every child born should come into the world wanted, loved, and cared for. Planned children often have better life prospects because caregivers are better prepared to support the child physically, emotionally, and financially. (SexInfo Online)" Those who fall under the pro- choice category believe that every set of parents should be able to choose what they would like to happen with their children. Pro-Choicers believe that abortion is sometimes the last case women could have. For example, if a woman was ever raped, and she ended up keeping the baby, it would be a constant reminder to the mother of a traumatic experience she faced in her life. "Research also suggests that the babies of such cases face a higher risk of neglect or abuse from their mothers for various reasons. (SexInfo Online)" Those who are pro-choice believe in the protection of the parents. Abortion is overall a very safe procedure. "Less than 1% of abortions performed before 21 weeks of pregnancy result in major complications such as heavy bleeding or infection. If abortion is made illegal, surely many women will continue to seek them in secrecy and likely sacrifice sanitary conditions and professional care; illegitimate abortions have caused thousands of women to die throughout history all over the world. (SexInfo Online)" Even though the mother is killing the baby, she is doing good by getting the procedure done in a sanitary hospital rather than a beaten-up and run down abortion center, where her life is at risk on top of her child’s. 
For the past 40 years, abortion has been a huge topic of discussion. To this date, there are still rallies, petitions, and speeches given that revolve around abortion. Throughout literature, more people agreed with the pro-life side that: throwing away the life of an innocent child is a wrong and an inappropriate action. Abortion is a subject that should not be taken lightly, because whatever choice the parents decide to make they are stuck with their decision, and cannot go back. However, to some people abortion is the only answer to their problem, and they have to be stuck with whatever decision they decide to make. 

Gap Identification:

        Abortion is a huge topic of discussion all over the world. People are confident and brave enough to stand up for what they believe. In the form of pro-choice and pro-life, people are able to express their feelings toward abortion. For the past couple of months, I have done a lot of research on the topic of abortion. What I found was a lot of responses from adults that are 18 years or older. However, I did not find much information about teenagers' thoughts on abortion. 

Research Question: 

         What do modern day teenagers think about the topic of abortion?


         I decided to use qualitative research which “is used to gain an understanding of underlying reasons, opinions, and motivations. It provides insights into the problem or helps to develop ideas or hypotheses for potential quantitative research”(Wyse). I decided this would be the best methodology to use because my research topic is an opinion question, and qualitative research focuses mainly on people’s opinions on abortion. Other legitimate research has been done using the “methodological limitations of recently published qualitative reviews of abortion and mental health, a quantitative synthesis was deemed necessary to represent more accurately the published literature and to provide clarity to clinicians”(Coleman).

Research Methods:

         In order for me to get the answers to my research question, I decided to make a survey of 3 questions. My questions were not questions that one could answer with just one word; in fact, they were questions that would take some explaining. My three questions included:

1.) On the topic of abortion, are you pro-choice or pro-life? Explain why. 
2.)Do you think abortion should be an option available to all parents in all states, or do you think it should be completely illegal? Give a reason why.
3.)Would you ever consider getting an abortion? 

Who did you interview and why:

I decided to interview 10 different couples (20 students in all), younger than the age of 18, on their opinions of abortion. These 10 couples included students from North Attleboro, Norton, Taunton, Attleboro and Foxboro. My plan was to focus on couples because I wanted to see how each of the two students in the couple would react if they were having a baby and if they had the option of getting an abortion. I hoped that the student’s answers would mirror those of a family that has to decide for or against an abortion, which would allow me to understand the complex views of those in a relationship that have to face abortion.  

Data Analysis:

Out of the 20 people I interviewed, I had a lot of information to work with. I found out that 14 out of the 20 students sided with being pro-life, meaning they feel that abortion is wrong. Out of the 20 couples that were interviewed, I found that only 4 couples disagreed completely on their attitudes towards abortion.  When asked, "would you ever consider getting an abortion?" David responded by saying, "No, I think that abortions are not something people should have the option of choosing. It is cruel to think that someone would ever kill their child." However, when I asked his girlfriend, Kate, the same question she responded by saying, "I would only consider getting an abortion if I felt it was absolutely necessary. I feel as though an expecting family should be allowed to decide what they feel is best for their life." One thing I found interesting was that 8 people opted out of answering whether or not they would get an abortion, they left it blank or wrote something like: "I would rather not answer this." On the other hand, Brittany and Alex both agreed that they were pro-choice, although they would never get an abortion themselves. They also agreed that "every parent in any state should have the right to an abortion." Overall, I learned a lot about students views on abortion by interviewing different couples. 


I have written this paper in order to show everybody the perspective of abortion through the eyes of a child. For the most part, children under the age of 18 see abortion in a negative way. They did not understand why people would ever kill their own child. However, there were some kids that stated that they believed that abortion should be the mother's choice. Another thing they believe is that abortion should be only used when necessary like in cases of rape. 
Did you know that as of January 1, 2015 42 states have prohibited abortions, unless the procedure was absolutely necessary to save the expecting mothers life? On the topic of abortion being legal in all states, I found that there was a major connection between the students' views on abortion (pro-life or pro-choice) and how they viewed the legality of abortion in different states. While collecting my data, I found that those who were pro-life believed that abortion should be illegal in all states. Whereas, those who were pro-choice believed that every parent no matter what state they lived in should have the choice to get an abortion.  
Finally, I found it surprising that when people were asked if they would ever consider getting an abortion they decided not to answer. I thought that if they felt very strongly about whichever side they took on abortion then they would have no trouble sharing their own personal decision. After I surveyed the people, I had one person pull me aside and tell me that they felt uncomfortable about answering the last question on my survey. The student said that they, "did not want to be judged harshly for whichever decision they decide to make." Throughout, my research I was constantly shocked by some of the answers I was given. 

Tied together:

By the end of my research I had a better understanding of modern day students views on abortion. In my research it turned out that I had more students take the pro-life side of abortion. However, results may vary from each test. If I were to choose different students and ask them the same questions I could get the complete opposite and have more students take the pro-choice side of abortion. Students views on abortion matter, because they will be the adults one day in the future making the decisions on whether or not they want to have an abortion. The students positive or negative outlook on abortion can have a dramatic affect on their future, the way they run their family, and even grow up. Abortion is a major issue all over the world, it is not only the adults views that matter, the students views are also important, because they are the future of the world.

"Abortion" ProConorg Headlines. ProCon.ord, 27 June 2014. Web. 18 Nov.

"Arguments For and Against Abortion | SexInfo Online." Arguments For and Against Abortion | SexInfo Online. University of California, 10 June 2014. Web. 11 Nov. 2014.

Coleman, PK. "Result Filters." National Center for Biotechnology Information. U.S. National Library of Medicine, Sept. 2001. Web. 20 Jan. 2015.

        Ertelt, Steven. "Scientific Fact: Human Life Begins at Conception, or Fertilization." N.p., 18 Nov. 2013. Web. 10 Nov. 2014.

         Jones, Jeff. “Abortion Is Immoral.” Aborion. Ed. Tamara L. Roleff. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 1997. Opposing Viewpoints. Rpt. From “A Future Lost.” 2008. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 08 Dec. 2014.

          Kennedy, Zoe. "Heated Row as Anti-abortion Protesters Confronted Again."Channel 4 News. Channel 4 News, 10 Dec. 2014. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.

Levitt, Steven D., and Stephen J. Dubner. Freakonomics: A Rogue Economist Explores the Hidden Side of Everything. New York: William Morrow, 2005. Print.

          Pavone, Frank. "Today’s Pro-Life Reflection « Fr. Frank Pavone's Blog Blog Articles on Pro Life & Anti Abortion – Abortion Laws & News." Fr Frank Pavones Blog RSS. N.p., 13 Aug. 2014. Web. 22 Jan. 2015.

"Roe v. Wade – Case Brief Summary." Lawnix Free Case Briefs RSS. Lawnix, n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2014.

“Women’s Health after Abortion.” Women’s Health after Abortion. N.p., n.d. Web.

         Wyse, Susan E. "What Is the Difference between Qualitative Research and Quantitative Research?" Snap Surveys Blog. Snap Surveys, 16 Sept. 2011. Web. 12 Jan. 2015.

Wednesday, October 29, 2014

What does literature reveal about the topic of abortion?

Wednesday, October 22, 2014

Article With Bias

                In the article, "Arguments Against Abortion" Kerby Anderson, writes about all things that are wrong with getting an abortion. Throughout the article Kerby uses many biases to help strengthen her argument, and prove to people that abortion is a negative action. One form of bias Kerby uses is the focusing effect which is, "the tendency to place too much importance on one aspect of an event." Throughout the novel, Kerby is constantly restating how abortion is considered as going against God, and the bible. Most of Kerby's article is focused around God, and why it is wrong to get an abortion.
                One very important bias Kerby Anderson focused on while she wrote her article was that, "base rate fallacy." The base rate fallacy or base rate neglect is, "the tendency to ignore base rate information (generic, general information) and focus on specific information (information only pertaining to a certain case)." "Arguments Against Abortion" is an article that is focused on one specific topic; abortion. Kerby never falls off topic and throughout each paragraph maintains her original topic of the negative aspects to abortion. Thus, supporting how Kerby Anderson's article contains the base rate fallacy. 
                After reading the rest of Kerby's article, I realized that she created a sense of c
onservatism (also known as Bayesian.) Conservatism is, " the tendency to revise one's belief insufficiently when presented with new evidence." Before reading this article I did not know much about abortion, nor did I have an opinion on it. However, after reading the article I realized that abortion is not one of the best decisions a person could make. I personally don't like the idea of taking away the life of an innocent child, and I think it is unfair for the child, because they did not ask to be brought into the world then taken out of it. I thought this article was really inspiring, and it helped me gain a better view on the negative aspects of abortion.

Sunday, October 19, 2014

Bucket List Item

✓Completed Bucket List Item✓
              If you don't know what this is, it is called a tsuke. A tsuke is performed on vault, and for a while now I have been wanting to try one. So, today October 19,2014 I went to New England Sports Academy, while they held open gym I went in and got up the guts to try one. I had many failed attempts, but after a couple I finally rotated it enough! It was exhilarating, it felt like I was flying. When I finally accomplished it, I was wicked happy with myself I felt as though I could do anything. My video is above, enjoy:)

Tuesday, October 7, 2014

Noah Taffah

Noah Taffah
Instagram media by noahtaffah8_ - centerback swag 👌 #manbandsandguardstays
          "Your love makes me strong, but your hate makes me unstoppable." These are some of the very words, Noah Taffah lives by everyday. Weather its soccer, or school Noah knows that he is able to succeed in anything he puts his heart to. On August 2, 2000 Julie and Mark Taffah had their first son, Noah Taffah. Noah is currently 14 years old, and a freshman at Norton High School. Noah has a 9 year old sister names Kenza, that he describes as, "a great sister to have, because she loves to have fun and helps me whenever I need her." Noah and Kenza are the only two children in their family, however their family has two Shiba-Inu dogs that they named, Pedi and Penny, who they  love very much.  Noah loves spending time with his family, in-fact this February his family is going on a cruise to Mexico, and he is very excited to have the week away with his family!
          Noah's may have a fear of heights, but that has never stopped him from rising to greatness and becoming the great soccer player his is today. When Noah gets out of school, and finished his homework you can "usually find him at the soccer fields practicing for a game he has coming up." Growing up Noah had an interesting childhood, he broke his right wrist three different times. One time he broke it by falling off a swing, another time he fell off a scooter, and the last time he broke it by shutting it in a car door. But, everytime Noah broke his wrist, he did not let it affect him playing soccer, he still spent all day everyday in the fields, practicing for the day he was aloud to play on the team again. Noah describes soccer as, "his life," he loves soccer so much in fact, Noah wants to become, "a professional soccer player when he grows older." Noah thinks it would be great job to have because he would make tons of money doing what he loves. However, if he does not succeed in that dream, he would like to attend college and become a lawyer. When Noah isn't playing on the soccer field you can find him playing on his Iphone that he got from Walmart. He loves his iphone, because it helps him communicate with his friends, on snapchat, text messaging, or even instagram. Noah also enjoys his Iphone, because it allows him to listen to his favorite music. Noah enjoys music of all types, he can go from, "country music toanything on the popular page of iTunes." Overall, Noah Taffah's life never has a dull moment, and he always lives each moment like his last, with no regrets. 

Monday, September 29, 2014


Incentives are often used to help stimulate a person to perform a certain task. People often use incentives to help govern human behavior. When there is a task that needs to be done, often times people bribe other people to finish the task for them. People will often use money, presents, food, etc, to get that person so finish the task. When the opportunity to earn a prize for completing a task appears, people take the chance. Incentives work by creating meaning for the person to finish the task, because they know that at the end of the task they will receive a great reward. The best incentive to motivate people is money. People always say money cannot buy happiness, but I think that if people knew they would get paid for completing a task their productivity would increase. Money would work as the best incentive, because people like money, they are able to buy whatever they want and whenever they want. Peoples constant need for money would work best at creating a sense of motivation and want for achievement in a person.

I am constantly having aesthetic experiences, but they mostly happen when I am at gymnastics. While I am at gymnastics I have to constantly be on my A- game. I have to be alert, ready to move, and have the power to train. For example, when I am going into a tumbling pass my senses are completely turned on and I have to prepare myself for what I am going to do. Whether it be a round off back handspring back tuck or just a simple round off back handspring. I use my eyes to see whats in from of me, my hands to feel for the floor as I stretch for it in the back handspring. I use my hearing to listen to my coach as he tells me to, "stretch further," or "set higher." I also use my hearing to listen for other children crossing the floor, so I am aware of my surroundings and I don't hit one of the children. Tumbling is a huge part of gymnastics, and i practice it every day so as you can tell, I am constantly having aesthetic experiences. 

Tuesday, September 23, 2014

Long Term Bucket List

Long Term Bucket List
  1. Have a family: Everybody's dream is to marry the girl/boy of their dreams. I want to marry the girl of my dreams, and have 5 children, one set of twin boys, and three girls. I would also like to live on a farm/ranch where we have animals of all kinds, like chickens, goats, horses, cows, pigs, sheep, etc.  
  2. Spend one month in a different country for an entire year. I think spending one month in a new country every month for a year would be cool, because you would get to learn a lot about different countries that you never knew. You could learn about their different cultures, customs, and taste different foods from all around the world.
  3. There is one person who means the world to me, her name is Sara Currivan or as I like to call her, "Scurri." Our friendship started in the 9th grade, and I guess you could say we are inseparable. We are always together in school, even if it means one of us has to change our schedule to match the others, so we share some of the same classes. When we aren't in school together we are texting non-stop, my phone never stop blowing up with texts from her. One important thing for me that  I would like to do before I die is to stay friends with Sara, as we go off to college and even when we grow up and have families of our own. Some may say this does not belong on a bucket list because it technically isn't a task I would like to accomplish before death, but to me it is the most important task I could ever handle. She may even be the one I would like to spend my entire life with, but who really knows?
  4. Attend Endicott College and graduate with a degree in Hospitality and Tourism, and one day open a successful hotel chain; like the Ritz Carlton.
  5. Live a successful, peaceful, long, and happy life. Happiness is the key to a successful life.