Wednesday, January 21, 2015

Abortion

Cody Aranjo
Period: D
1-22-14

Benefits And The Problems With Abortion

“Should I get an abortion?” This is one example of the words that may flow through the mind of mothers’ lives when they find out they are pregnant with a baby they were not expecting. Abortion is an ongoing question put in the face of fathers and mothers each and every day all around the world. These parents don’t want to be considered bad parents for getting an abortion. However, they may also not want to have the burden of taking care of a child they were not ready for. In the eyes of those who are pro-life, abortion is considered a crime and the thought of killing a child before it is even born sends a chill down their spine. Whereas, those who are pro-choice have determined that abortion, though not all bad should be used as a last resort for parents who are having a child they were not expecting. Pro- choicers believe the mother should be able to decide what happens with their child.
On December 13, 1971 a trial was held that involved Jane Roe, a single mother living in Texas expecting a child wanted an abortion, even considering the anti- abortion laws held in Texas. Doctor Hallford, who went against the state's abortion laws to give Jane the abortion she asked for, and his defendant District Attorney Wade. By the end of the case, on January 22, 1973 the jury ruled in favor or Roe and, “the Supreme Court set limitations and guide lines for the availability of abortion. (Roe v. Wade – Case Brief Summary)”  Following the decision made by the supreme court, a number of rallies and protests were held world- wide, led by those who  were pro-life. They made posters, chanted chants, and started petitions, to spread their message about the tragic effects abortion can have on a family. Also, a number of protests were held by those who were pro- choice who paraded in a local residence outside of London chanting, “my body, my choice. (Zoe Kennedy)” They wanted people to know that they should have the choice to have an abortion if they wanted one. Abortion was also a problem in 1966, when a Romanian communist dictator by the name of Nicolae Ceausescu made abortion illegal in the country of Romania, because the population was largely decreasing and he needed a way to strengthen the large country. Ceausescu found that, “within one year of the abortion ban, the Romanian birth rate had doubled. (Steven D. Levitt and Stephen J. Dubner, Page. 116)” Abortion has been an ongoing argument between pro- life and pro- choice throughout history. It is a topic that is still being argued today, and will still be being argued in hundreds of years from now. 
       
          Those who are pro-life are, “advocating the legal protection of human embryos and fetuses, especially by favoring the outlawing of abortion on the ground that it is the taking of a human life.” Pro-lifers follow the Buddhist teachings that life begins at conception. Humans have a total of 46 chromosomes, which make up who they are. When a child is created, it is given two sets of 23 chromosomes from each parent. In the article, "Abortion is Immoral" Jeff Jones asserts that pro-lifers claim that life begins at conception. Taking into account that a fertilized egg contains the same number of chromosomes as an adult. Considering this piece of information, pro-lifers believe that getting an abortion is the same as committing murder.  Should the unborn child have to pay for the consequences of the unprepared and irresponsible mother? No, pro-lifers believe that, "every normal fetus, just like you or me, has a set of experiences, projects, activities, and such which are identical with the futures of adult human beings and are identical with the futures of young children. (Jeff Jones. Page 1)” A fetus’ life is just as important as an adult’s life. They have the right to live life, and create their own experiences as they grow. 
On top of the overwhelming guilt the mother has to bear with after getting an abortion. It is no question that women who get abortions face many negative emotions after an abortion. However, it is proven that, "after an abortion, women are more likely to display self-destructive behaviors, including suicide and attempts at suicide; mutilation and various forms of punishment (including repeat abortions and sterilization); drug, alcohol and tobacco abuse; and eating disorders as a way of denying or minimizing the guilt, pain and numbness they feel. (Women's Health after Abortion: The Medical and Psychological Evidence)" Often times the mothers resort to addictive behaviors after getting an abortion, because they believe that alcohol, smoking, or drugs will help them get over the fact that they killed their child. This is one small side-effect of an abortion. Women who get abortions also, "increases their risk of breast cancer by 30%. (Women's Health after Abortion: The Medical and Psychological Evidence)" Sadly, there is nothing the mother can do to cure her cancer once it is found in her body, as there has been no cure found for cancer. These are just some of the negative aspects that come along with getting an abortion. There are also some long term effects of abortion. For example, if a mother decides to have another baby, after the one she aborted they often, "have trouble bonding with the children of future pregnancies and have a higher chance of eventually abusing them, which leads to a cyclical pattern of abuse-abortion- abuse. (Women's Health after Abortion: The Medical and Psychological Evidence)" Not only is the mother at risk when having an abortion, but future children are also at risk after their mother has had an abortion. The mother is not only affected by the emotional side effects of abortion, but she is also barred with the possible health hazards that may come with getting an abortion. 
  In the eyes of those who are pro-choice, "Every child born should come into the world wanted, loved, and cared for. Planned children often have better life prospects because caregivers are better prepared to support the child physically, emotionally, and financially. (SexInfo Online)" Those who fall under the pro- choice category believe that every set of parents should be able to choose what they would like to happen with their children. Pro-Choicers believe that abortion is sometimes the last case women could have. For example, if a woman was ever raped, and she ended up keeping the baby, it would be a constant reminder to the mother of a traumatic experience she faced in her life. "Research also suggests that the babies of such cases face a higher risk of neglect or abuse from their mothers for various reasons. (SexInfo Online)" Those who are pro-choice believe in the protection of the parents. Abortion is overall a very safe procedure. "Less than 1% of abortions performed before 21 weeks of pregnancy result in major complications such as heavy bleeding or infection. If abortion is made illegal, surely many women will continue to seek them in secrecy and likely sacrifice sanitary conditions and professional care; illegitimate abortions have caused thousands of women to die throughout history all over the world. (SexInfo Online)" Even though the mother is killing the baby, she is doing good by getting the procedure done in a sanitary hospital rather than a beaten-up and run down abortion center, where her life is at risk on top of her child’s. 
For the past 40 years, abortion has been a huge topic of discussion. To this date, there are still rallies, petitions, and speeches given that revolve around abortion. Throughout literature, more people agreed with the pro-life side that: throwing away the life of an innocent child is a wrong and an inappropriate action. Abortion is a subject that should not be taken lightly, because whatever choice the parents decide to make they are stuck with their decision, and cannot go back. However, to some people abortion is the only answer to their problem, and they have to be stuck with whatever decision they decide to make. 

Final
Gap Identification:

        Abortion is a huge topic of discussion all over the world. People are confident and brave enough to stand up for what they believe. In the form of pro-choice and pro-life, people are able to express their feelings toward abortion. For the past couple of months, I have done a lot of research on the topic of abortion. What I found was a lot of responses from adults that are 18 years or older. However, I did not find much information about teenagers' thoughts on abortion. 

Research Question: 

         What do modern day teenagers think about the topic of abortion?

Methodology: 

         I decided to use qualitative research which “is used to gain an understanding of underlying reasons, opinions, and motivations. It provides insights into the problem or helps to develop ideas or hypotheses for potential quantitative research”(Wyse). I decided this would be the best methodology to use because my research topic is an opinion question, and qualitative research focuses mainly on people’s opinions on abortion. Other legitimate research has been done using the “methodological limitations of recently published qualitative reviews of abortion and mental health, a quantitative synthesis was deemed necessary to represent more accurately the published literature and to provide clarity to clinicians”(Coleman).

Research Methods:

         In order for me to get the answers to my research question, I decided to make a survey of 3 questions. My questions were not questions that one could answer with just one word; in fact, they were questions that would take some explaining. My three questions included:

1.) On the topic of abortion, are you pro-choice or pro-life? Explain why. 
2.)Do you think abortion should be an option available to all parents in all states, or do you think it should be completely illegal? Give a reason why.
3.)Would you ever consider getting an abortion? 

Who did you interview and why:

I decided to interview 10 different couples (20 students in all), younger than the age of 18, on their opinions of abortion. These 10 couples included students from North Attleboro, Norton, Taunton, Attleboro and Foxboro. My plan was to focus on couples because I wanted to see how each of the two students in the couple would react if they were having a baby and if they had the option of getting an abortion. I hoped that the student’s answers would mirror those of a family that has to decide for or against an abortion, which would allow me to understand the complex views of those in a relationship that have to face abortion.  

Data Analysis:

Out of the 20 people I interviewed, I had a lot of information to work with. I found out that 14 out of the 20 students sided with being pro-life, meaning they feel that abortion is wrong. Out of the 20 couples that were interviewed, I found that only 4 couples disagreed completely on their attitudes towards abortion.  When asked, "would you ever consider getting an abortion?" David responded by saying, "No, I think that abortions are not something people should have the option of choosing. It is cruel to think that someone would ever kill their child." However, when I asked his girlfriend, Kate, the same question she responded by saying, "I would only consider getting an abortion if I felt it was absolutely necessary. I feel as though an expecting family should be allowed to decide what they feel is best for their life." One thing I found interesting was that 8 people opted out of answering whether or not they would get an abortion, they left it blank or wrote something like: "I would rather not answer this." On the other hand, Brittany and Alex both agreed that they were pro-choice, although they would never get an abortion themselves. They also agreed that "every parent in any state should have the right to an abortion." Overall, I learned a lot about students views on abortion by interviewing different couples. 

Findings:

I have written this paper in order to show everybody the perspective of abortion through the eyes of a child. For the most part, children under the age of 18 see abortion in a negative way. They did not understand why people would ever kill their own child. However, there were some kids that stated that they believed that abortion should be the mother's choice. Another thing they believe is that abortion should be only used when necessary like in cases of rape. 
Did you know that as of January 1, 2015 42 states have prohibited abortions, unless the procedure was absolutely necessary to save the expecting mothers life? On the topic of abortion being legal in all states, I found that there was a major connection between the students' views on abortion (pro-life or pro-choice) and how they viewed the legality of abortion in different states. While collecting my data, I found that those who were pro-life believed that abortion should be illegal in all states. Whereas, those who were pro-choice believed that every parent no matter what state they lived in should have the choice to get an abortion.  
Finally, I found it surprising that when people were asked if they would ever consider getting an abortion they decided not to answer. I thought that if they felt very strongly about whichever side they took on abortion then they would have no trouble sharing their own personal decision. After I surveyed the people, I had one person pull me aside and tell me that they felt uncomfortable about answering the last question on my survey. The student said that they, "did not want to be judged harshly for whichever decision they decide to make." Throughout, my research I was constantly shocked by some of the answers I was given. 

Tied together:

By the end of my research I had a better understanding of modern day students views on abortion. In my research it turned out that I had more students take the pro-life side of abortion. However, results may vary from each test. If I were to choose different students and ask them the same questions I could get the complete opposite and have more students take the pro-choice side of abortion. Students views on abortion matter, because they will be the adults one day in the future making the decisions on whether or not they want to have an abortion. The students positive or negative outlook on abortion can have a dramatic affect on their future, the way they run their family, and even grow up. Abortion is a major issue all over the world, it is not only the adults views that matter, the students views are also important, because they are the future of the world.

Bibliography
"Abortion ProCon.org." ProConorg Headlines. ProCon.ord, 27 June 2014. Web. 18 Nov.

"Arguments For and Against Abortion | SexInfo Online." Arguments For and Against Abortion | SexInfo Online. University of California, 10 June 2014. Web. 11 Nov. 2014.

Coleman, PK. "Result Filters." National Center for Biotechnology Information. U.S. National Library of Medicine, Sept. 2001. Web. 20 Jan. 2015.

        Ertelt, Steven. "Scientific Fact: Human Life Begins at Conception, or Fertilization." LifeNews.com. N.p., 18 Nov. 2013. Web. 10 Nov. 2014.

         Jones, Jeff. “Abortion Is Immoral.” Aborion. Ed. Tamara L. Roleff. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 1997. Opposing Viewpoints. Rpt. From “A Future Lost.” Abort73.com. 2008. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 08 Dec. 2014.

          Kennedy, Zoe. "Heated Row as Anti-abortion Protesters Confronted Again."Channel 4 News. Channel 4 News, 10 Dec. 2014. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.

Levitt, Steven D., and Stephen J. Dubner. Freakonomics: A Rogue Economist Explores the Hidden Side of Everything. New York: William Morrow, 2005. Print.

          Pavone, Frank. "Today’s Pro-Life Reflection « Fr. Frank Pavone's Blog Blog Articles on Pro Life & Anti Abortion – Abortion Laws & News." Fr Frank Pavones Blog RSS. N.p., 13 Aug. 2014. Web. 22 Jan. 2015.

"Roe v. Wade – Case Brief Summary." Lawnix Free Case Briefs RSS. Lawnix, n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2014.

“Women’s Health after Abortion.” Women’s Health after Abortion. N.p., n.d. Web.

         Wyse, Susan E. "What Is the Difference between Qualitative Research and Quantitative Research?" Snap Surveys Blog. Snap Surveys, 16 Sept. 2011. Web. 12 Jan. 2015.

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